A critical vulnerability in popular WordPress plugin Simple Social Buttons enables non-admin users to modify WordPress installation options – and ultimately take over websites.
Simple Social Buttons enables users to add social-media sharing buttons to various locations of their websites. The plugin has more than 40,000 active installations, according to WordPress Plugin repository.
The flaw allows privilege escalation, so that non-admins can take over administrator accounts or even whole websites. This even includes the subscriber-user type, which has the most limited types of permissions (subscribers can read a website, post comments and create a profile – but they can’t edit settings or content on sites).
“Exploitation is fairly easy if the website allows public registrations, since the only requirement for an attacker to exploit this vulnerability is to have a registered user account,” Oliver Sild, founder and CEO of WebARX, told Threatpost. “It can be a low-privileged user whose only permission is to post a comment.”
Researchers with WebARX said on Monday that the vulnerability stems from two issues in Simple Social Buttons: Improper application design flow and a lack of permission checks.
These vulnerabilities allow any user type to change any option from the ‘wp_options’ database table, which is where the crucial configuration of a WordPress installation is located, Sild said.
“Improper application design flow, chained with lack of permission check resulted in privilege-escalation and unauthorized actions in WordPress installation allowing non-admin users, even subscriber user type to modify WordPress installation options from the wp_options table,” Luka Sikic, developer and researcher with WebARX, said in a Monday post.
At a technical level, the flaw allows a function to iterate through a JSON object provided in the request and update all options – without checking whether the current user has permission to manage options for the plugin. WebARX demonstrated the proof of concept (PoC) attack in a video (below).
From there, “there are multiple ways for an attacker to take over a whole website, or administrator account at least, just by modifying those configuration options,” Sild told Threatpost.
The vulnerability, which is rated 9.1 on the CVSS v3 severity scale, was discovered on Feb. 7, and a patch was released on Feb. 8. Users of the plugin are urged to update to version 2.0.22.
WordPress plugins continue to pose a security headache for site administrators. In fact, according to a January Imperva study, almost all (98 percent) of WordPress vulnerabilities are related to plugins that extend the functionality and features of a website or a blog.
In November, it was discovered that the popular AMP for WP plugin had a privilege-escalation flaw that allows WordPress site users of any level to make administrative changes to a website. And in January, researchers straight up urged WordPress site owners to delete a compromised plugin after multiple zero-day vulnerabilities were discovered being exploited by a malicious actor.