Yahoo certainly has taken its share of knocks during the past nine months of surveillance revelations and Snowden leaks for its encryption shortcomings. But the bruises are healing and the company is slowly working its way back into good graces.
Chief among the improvements is that as of Monday, traffic moving between Yahoo data centers is encrypted. This, along with a lack of email encryption, was an area critics were especially harsh on Yahoo after top secret documents revealed the National Security Agency was able to sniff communications between Yahoo and Google data centers. The Washington Post reported at the time that a combined initiative between the NSA and Britain’s GCHQ called MUSCULAR allowed the intelligence agencies to copy data from the company’s fiber-optic cables outside the U.S. Google, meanwhile, announced in November it had turned encryption on between its data centers.
“In light of reports that governments have directly tapped Internet backbones to obtain secret access to millions of people’s private communications, it’s become clear that routine use of encryption is an important basic measure for privacy and security online,” said Seth Schoen, senior staff technologist at the Electronic Frontier Foundation. “Without it, any network operator (from the smallest Wi-Fi node to the largest Internet backbone companies), or anyone who can coerce or infiltrate one, can easily see the intimate details of what people are saying online.”
As for email, Yahoo was one of the last major web-based email providers to turn on SSL by default, doing so in January after an initial foray in November when users were given the option to turn it on manually. Stamos said yesterday that in the last month, Yahoo turned on encryption of its email service between Yahoo’s servers and other email providers who support the SMTPTLS standard.
Yahoo has also turned on HTTPS encryption on its home page, search queries that run on the home page and most of its properties. Yahoo supports TLS 1.2, Perfect Forward Secrecy and 2048-bit RSA encryption for its home page, mail and digital magazines, Stamos said. He added that users can initiate encrypted sessions for Yahoo News, Sports, Finance and Good Morning America on Yahoo by typing HTTPS in the URL. He also promised an encrypted version of Yahoo Messenger in the coming months.
“Our goal is to encrypt our entire platform for all users at all time, by default,” Stamos said.
Also on the road map, Stamos said, Yahoo plans to implement HSTS, Perfect Forward Secrecy and Certificate Transparency in the near future.
“One of our biggest areas of focus in the coming months is to work with and encourage thousands of our partners across all of Yahoo’s hundreds of global properties to make sure that any data that is running on our network is secure,” Stamos said. “Our broader mission is to not only make Yahoo secure, but improve the security of the overall web ecosystem.”
Forward secrecy has long been advocated by security and privacy experts as an important failsafe to secure data and communications. The technology keeps the content of old encrypted connections private even if the encryption key is lost or stolen in the future.
Yahoo was criticized heavily for its lack of encryption on its services, which experts said facilitated the NSA’s ability to snoop on traffic, and harmed users’ ability to keep their identities and personal information secure from criminals operating on the web. While it doesn’t stop the government or law enforcement from obtaining user data via court orders or warrants, it does hamper their efforts to hack into servers and communication lines.
Meanwhile, the EFF’s Encrypt the Web report, which it continues to update, demonstrated Yahoo’s glaring encryption weaknesses in the wake of the initial Snowden leaks. Since then, most of the technology companies surveyed have tightened up their encryption practices, leaving only carriers such as Verizon, Comcast and AT&T in the rear.
“We commend Yahoo for taking these steps, and hope today’s announcements will continue to foster a recognition that encryption is an industry standard,” the EFF’s Shoen said.